Workshops today! Schedule below.
That’s odd…. I was watching the rainfall amounts yesterday as they mounted up. By 6pm the computer said that over 1/2 inch had fallen, but now it says only 0.19 inches….Weird. It’s only 48F and the sun is really shining. We might still get a couple of showers this morning, but they’re calling for clear weather.
Yesterday it was so nicely bright and sunny! …and then at 12:46 it got dark so suddenly that I lifted the blinds by the fairy garden to look out. Within 5 minutes it was pouring, with large blue sucker holes off to the west and in another 5 minutes the bright sunshine was back. It rained off and on all afternoon, getting windier, gusting over 20mph. My tuned chime was making lovely sounds.
Tempus and I puttered during the early part of the day, with me alternately going back and forth to my ironing, which mostly got finished in the early afternoon, and the computer. The Duckmeister was in. A bobcat got one of her best layers, but there are some others going into full production, so I still have my eggs. She fussed at Tempus until he went to lie down in the recliner. He hasn’t been getting nearly enough sleep, but I can’t talk him into it. She did, because he was down until around 5pm.
I got some sorting done of various materials in my embroidery area and then checked in some new books. I have to look at home to see whether I actually have any of them, but these are embroidery books for that section of the shop.
I did some more work on the blogs and then Tempus woke up, went across the street and got his meds and picked us up another fan chair! This one actually fits me well, too. I headed home not long after.
After all that rain during the afternoon, seemingly every time one of us tried to walk out the door, the sun came out right around 7pm. It got very bright while it was bucketing down, then stopped and there was sunshine. Of course, it was pouring again by 8pm.
10am – Shop opens
11am – Herbs Workshop, tying up the harvest to dry.
Noon – Crystals Workshop, Care and Feeding of a rock tumbler
3pm – Sewing Workshop
Today’s Plant is the Primrose, Primula vulgaris. This plant, because easily grown, but easily killed, is very popular at garden centers. Even our local grocery and Fred Meyer’s have racks of them outside at this time of year. They’re often given as inexpensive gifts for Valentine’s, Easter, and Mothers’ Day. Both flowers and leaves are edible, the flavor ranging between mild lettuce and more bitter salad greens. The leaves can also be used for tea, and the young flowers can be made into primrose wine. – Feminine, Venus, Earth, Freya – grow blue and red ones to protect against reverses of fortune, yellow and pink to attract the small Fae. When worn, they attract the love of men, and can cure madness. If you dry them and sew them into a child’s pillow you will gain his undying respect and loyalty, but be sure that you deserve it, first! http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Primula_vulgaris
Did you even know that there is a Confederate Memorial Day? Unless you’re from the South, probably not… “Confederate Memorial Day, also known as Confederate Decoration Day (Tennessee) and Confederate Heroes Day (Texas), is an official holiday and/or observance day in parts of the U.S. South as a day to honor those who died fighting for the Confederate States of America during the American Civil War. Nine states officially observe Confederate Memorial Day: Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana, Mississippi, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, and Texas.” From Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Confederate_Memorial_Day It’s the original celebration that Memorial Day weekend at the end of May started from.
The shop opens at 11am! Summer hours are 11am-7pm Thursday through Monday. Need something off hours? Give us a call at 541-563-7154 or Facebook or email at email@example.com If we’re supposed to be closed, but it looks like we’re there, try the door. If it’s open, the shop’s open! In case of bad weather, check here at the blog for updates, on our Facebook as Ancient Light, or call the shop.
Love & Light,
Today’s Astro & Calendar
The Moon is in Waxing Gibbous phase. Waxing Moon Magick – The waxing moon is for constructive magick, such as love, wealth, success, courage, friendship, luck or healthy, protection, divination. Any working that needs extra power, such as help finding a new job or healings for serious conditions, can be done now. Also, love, knowledge, legal undertakings, money and dreams. Phase ends at the Tide Change on 5/14 at 12:15pm. Waxing Gibbous Moon – From seven to fourteen days after the new moon. For spells that need concentrated work over a ¼ moon cycle this is the best time for constructive workings. Aim to do the last working on the day of the Full moon, before the turn. Keywords for the Gibbous phase are: analyze, prepare, trust. It is the time in a cycle to process the results of the actions taken during the First Quarter. During this phase you are gathering information. Give up making judgments; it will only lead to worry. Your knowledge is incomplete. Laugh. Analyze and filter. LOOK WITHIN. God/dess aspect: Maiden/Youth, but in the uncommitted phase, the Warriors Associated God/desses: Dion, Dionysius, Venus, Thor. Phase ends on 5/13 at 3:16am.
Saturday, May 10, 2 p.m. EDT – Saturn at opposition – Saturn will be at opposition, exactly opposite the sun in the sky. Saturn (magnitude +0.1, in Libra) It rises around sunset, shines in the southeast during evening, and stands highest in the south around 1 a.m. By then it’s far left of Mars, and half as far to the upper right of Antares.
Bright Mars shines left of the Moon. Although they look rather close together, Mars is 260 times as far away — and twice as big in diameter.
Goddess Month of Maia runs from 4/18 – 5/15
Goddess Month of Hera runs from 5/16 – 6/12
Celtic Tree Month of Saille/Willow, Apr 15 – May 12
Celtic Tree Month of Huath/Hawthorn, May 13 – Jun 9
Runic half-month of Laguz/ Lagu, 4/29-5/13 Representing the flowing and mutable forces of water, Lagu symbolizes life, growth and waxing power of this time of year. Runic half-month of Inguz/Ing, 5/14-5/28 – Male consort of Nerthus, the Earth Mother, Ing is god of the hearth. This time of year expresses potential for abundant growth. Nigel Pennick, The Pagan Book of Days, Destiny Books, Rochester, Vermont, USA, 1992, p. 70.
©2014 M. Bartlett, Some parts separately copyright
Celtic Tree Month of Saille/Willow, Apr 15 – May 12 – The Willow in the Tree alphabet stands for the female and lunar rhythms of life. She is water-seeking, thriving from preference on the damp margins of lakes and streams or across the low-lying water meadows. Water and the tidal movements of the sea are governed by the pull of the moon. The moon in its monthly rhythms is female, contrasting with the male sun’s daily and yearly turnings. In several ways, the Celts held women in higher regard than we do today. On the material level, women were property owners, and whoever controlled the property controlled the marriage. Women of all types and ages appeared in the Celtic pantheon, the spiritual strength and life-giving qualities given by both female and male recognized equally. There were colleges of Druidesses – learned women and teachers – respected equally for their gifts of see-ship, often expressed through dreams, or night visions. Magical Associations: Romantic love, healing, protection, fertility, magic for women.
Saille – Willow Ogam letter correspondences
Color: listed only as bright
Meaning: Gaining balance in your life
to study this month – Ohn – Furze Ogam letter correspondences
Color: Yellow Gold
Meaning: Information that could change your life
Tides for Alsea Bay
Day High Tide Height Sunrise Moon Time % Moon
~ /Low Time Feet Sunset Visible
Sa 10 Low 4:27 AM 1.4 5:54 AM Set 3:41 AM 74
~ 10 High 10:16 AM 5.6 8:31 PM Rise 4:24 PM
~ 10 Low 4:15 PM 1.6
~ 10 High 10:30 PM 7.1
Affirmation/Thought for the Day – Have a picnic.
Journal Prompt – Expository – Select one of the following statements and rewrite is descriptively, showing it instead of telling it. In other words, paint a picture with words. Be sure to appeal to the reader’s senses. The crowd loudly cheered. The room is a mess. The meal smelled delicious.
~ Shee, you guys are so unhip it’s a wonder your bums don’t fall off. – Douglas Adams in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
~ The ships hung in the sky in much the same way that bricks don’t. – Douglas Adams in The Hitchhiker’s Guide to the Galaxy
~ If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude. Don’t complain. – Maya Angelou
~ The best way to knock the chip off your neighbor’s shoulder is to pat him on the back. – Author Unknown
May my heart always be open to little
birds who are the secrets of living
whatever they sing is better than to know
and if men should not hear them men are old
may my mind stroll about hungry
and fearless and thirsty and supple
and even if it’s sunday may i be wrong
for whenever men are right they are not young
and may myself do nothing usefully
and love yourself so more than truly
there’s never been quite such a fool who could fail
pulling all the sky over him with one smile” –e.e. cummings
Magick – Witchcraft History – Time Line [Anja’s Note – I’m going to have to go through this with a fine-toothed comb. This is a collected set of things that were “mushed” together. Some of the history may be off.]
672-735CE- Bede writes History of English, a history of Christianity in England.
775-790- Catholic church taught that Witches did not exist. It was considered heresy to say that they were real. A capitulary from Saxony states: ‘If anyone, deceived by the Devil, believes after the manner of the Pagans that any man or woman is a witch and eats men, and if on this account he burns [the alleged witch]… he shall be punished by capital sentence.”
906- Regino of Prum, the Abbot of Treves, wrote the Canon Episcopi. It reinforced the church’s teaching that Witches did not exist. It admitted that some confused and deluded women thought that they flew through the air with the Pagan Goddess Diana. They said that this did not happen in reality; it was merely some form of hallucination.
circa 975 – Penalties for Witchcraft and the use of healing magic were relatively mild. The English Confessional of Egbert said, in part: “If a woman works witchcraft and enchantment and [uses] magical philters, she shall fast for twelve months…. If she kills anyone by her philters, she shall fast for seven years.” Fasting involved consuming only bread and water.
Circa 1012-first persecution of “heretics” in Germany
1095- Pope Urban II proclaims First Crusade
circa 1140- Gratian, an Italian monk, incorporated the Canon Episcopi into canon law.
circa 1203- The Cathar movement, a Gnostic Christian group, had become popular in the Orleans area of France and in Italy. They were declared heretics. Pope Innocent III approved a war of genocide against the Cathars.
1227- Pope Gregory IX established the Inquisitional Courts to arrest, try, convict and execute heretics
1252- Pope Innocent III authorized the use of torture during inquisitional trials. This greatly increased the conviction rate.
1258- Pope Alexander IV instructed the Inquisition to confine their investigations to cases of heresy. They were to not investigate charges of divination or sorcery unless heretics were also involved.
1265- Pope Clement IV reaffirms the use of torture.
1233- First Papal ordinance directly dealing with witchcraft- Bull by Pope Gregory IX (Ugolino, Count of Segni), to Conrad of Marburg, bidding him to proceed against the Luciferians. In July 30 of that year, Conrad of Marburg is murdered on the highway in pursuit of his duties.
1258- Bull by Pope Alexander IV (Rinaldo Conti), to Franciscan Inquisitors, bidding them refrain from judging any cases of witchcraft unless there was some very strong reason to suppose that heretical practice could also be amply proved.
1321- The last known Cathar was burned at the stake in 1321 CE.
1398-University of Paris declares that the pact with the devil is not merely magic but heresy
1428 to 1450- Witch trials of Brianqon, in the Dauphin6. where 167 local people are burned as witches
1431-Trial of Joan of Arc includes allegations of witchcraft. She was burned on May 30 at Rouen
1484- December 9 The Bull of Innocent VIII, decreeing rights to “be empowered to proceed to the just correction, imprisonment, and punishment of any persons, without let or hindrance, in every way as if the provinces, townships, dioceses, districts, territories, yea, even the persons and their crimes in this kind were named and particularly designated in Our letters.”
1486/87- Publication of a code for witch-hunters Malleus Maleficarum (Hammer of Witches) written by Sprenger and Kramer. Maximilian I, Emperor of Germany and King of the Romans signs papers in Brussels giving permission to these two to carry out duties, and commands cooperation with them.
1490 King Charles VIII issues edict against fortunetellers, enchanters and necromancers
1493-1541Life of Paracelsus a physician who claimed that everything he learned came from an old witch.
1515-1588 Weyer, Johan. Born in Brabant (Belgium). German physician. Believed most witches were melancholy mentally disturbed old women, incapable of harm. Believed that the belief in witchcraft was caused by the devil. In 1563 wrote De Praestigiis Daemonum. Was forced out of Netherlands by the Catholic Governor, Duke of Alba. His book was denounced by Jean Bodin.
1529-Trial at Luxeuil by the Inquisition
1530-1616- Remy, Nicholas. French Lawyer fighting against witches. In 1595 writes Demonaltry and sites 128 cases
1532-Issue of the Carolina Code. This code imposed torture and death for witchcraft. The code was technically adopted by the 300-odd small independent states which then comprised the Holy Roman Empire
1542-Statute of Henry VIII against witchcraft
1547-Repeal of statute of 1542 in reign of Edward VI
1557-Toulouse witch trials: forty accused witches burned
1563-Statute of Queen Elizabeth against witchcraft
1563-Council of Trent resolves to win back Germany from Protestantism to the Catholic Church: intensification of religious struggles and persecutions
1566-The first Chelmsford witch trials
1566 to 1625-King James VI of Scotland a.k.a. James I of England and “author” of the King James Bible
1579-The Windsor witches; also the second Chelmsford trials
1580-Jean Bodin, French judge, writes De la Demonomanie des Sorciers . Claims that those who denied the existence of witches were themselves witches.
1582-St. Osyth Witches of Essex (case tried at Chelmsford)
1584-Publication of Discovery of Witchcraft, by the sceptic Reginald Scot suggesting that maybe witches don’t really exist.
1589-Third Chelmsford witch trials
1589-Fourteen accused witches at Tours appeal to King Henry III who, is in turn, accused of protecting witches
1590-William .V begins witch hunt in Bavaria
1590 to 1591The North Berwick Witches tried.
1593-Warboys witches of Huntingdon
1597-Publication of Demonology by James VI of Scotland (later James I of England)
1597-Case of the Burton Boy (Thomas Darling) in Staffordshire
1604-James I statute against witchcraft
1608- Publication of Compendium Maleficarum, by Francesco Maria Guazzo
1610- Execution of accused witches in the Netherlands ceased, probably because of a book written by Weyer’s 1563
1611-The Basque Trials of 1611. They were trials where the Spanish Inquisition wanted to burn witches as heretics, when an inquisitor by the name of Antonio Salazar de Frias stepped in. After much deliberation and methodical research into the stories of witchcraft he decided that the men and women charged were under a form of mass hysteria. He further found that “witches” were not harmful, merely delusional and needed help, not condemnation.
1612-Lancashire witch trials
1616- A second witch craze broke out in Vizcaya. Again an Edict of Silence was issued by the Inquisition. But the king overturned the Edict and 300 accused witches were burned alive.
1618-Start of the Thirty Years War (1618-1648) during which the witch hunt throughout Germany was at its height
1622-Jamestown ,Virginia, Goodwife Joan Wright arraigned, she was not clearly tried
1625-Start of general decline of witch trials in France
1631-Friedrich Spee von Langenfield, a Jesuit priest, wrote “Cautio criminalis” (Circumspection in Criminal Cases). He condemned the witch hunts and persecution in Wurzburg, Germany. He wrote that the accused confessed only because they were the victims of sadistic tortures.
1632-Death of the Prince-Bishop of Bamberg marks the end of the terrible persecutions in this large principality ( 1609-1632)
1645-Case of the Faversham witches, Kent Witchfinder-general Matthew Hopkins and the Chelmsford (or Manningtree) witch trials
1645 to 1692-The New England witch trials, including that of Margaret Jones
1646-Death of Matthew Hopkins, author of Discovery of Witches, by tuberculosis
1647-Publication of Discovery of Witches, Matthew Hopkins
1647-May 25th Windsor CT, Alse Young hung. She is acknowledged as the first person executed as a witch in North America but there is little, if any, documentation on this, however
1648-Massachusetts Bay executed its first witch in 1648- Margaret Jones, and like Jane Hawkins and Anne Hutchinson, she was a midwife and lay healer
1649-Case of the St. Albans Witches, Hertfordshire
1652-“Dr. Lamb’s Darling”- the trial of Anne Bodenham Trial of the Wapping Witch (Joan Peterson) near London
1655-Last execution for witchcraft in Cologne (where persecution was less severe)
1657-March, Jennette Huart-and others strangled and burned as witches in Sugny, Belgium
1662-The trial of Amy Denny and Rose Cullender of Lowestoft who were tried as witches and executed at Bury St Edmunds in March 1662.
1662-The Bury St. Edmunds witch trials
1663 to 1728- Cotton Mather defends the trials and executions in New England.
1689- Cotton Mather writes Memorable Providence Relating to Witchcrafts and Possessions
1670-Rouen witch trials
1674-Trial of Anne Foster at Northampton
1679 to 1682- The notorious Chanibre d’ardent~ affair- Louis XIV’s star chamber investigates poison plots and hears evidence of widespread corruption and witchcraft. More than 300 people arrested, and 36 executed. The affair ended with a royal edict which denied the reality of witchcraft and sorcery.
1682-Trial of three Exeter Witches
1684-Last execution for witchcraft in England (Alice Molland at Exeter)
1692-Salem Witch Trials conducted- 5 hung on July 19 – five on August19, eight on September 22 (a dog was also executed.)
1712-Jane Wenham of Walkern in Herefordshire is last person convicted of witchcraft in England
1722-Last execution for witchcraft in Scotland
1736-Repeal of Statute of James I
1745-Last execution for witchcraft in France (of Father Louis Debaraz at Lyons)
1775-Last official execution for witchcraft in Germany (of Anna Maria Schwiigel at Kempten in Bavaria)
1782-Last witch burned in Europe.
1782-Anna Goeldi, hanged at Glaris in Switzerland, June 17, -1782-last execution known in Switzerland
1787-All witchcraft laws in Austria repealed
1792-Poland stops execution of witches. Important because the last trial and judicial execution in Europe itself was probably that of two aged beldames, Satanists, who were burned at the stake in Poland, 1793-, the year of the Second Partition, during reign of Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski.
1830’s-The church ceased the execution of witches in South America.
1854-Birth of MacGregor Mathers a.k.a. Samuel Lidell Mathers, Comte de Glenstrae and Chevalier MacGregor leader of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn-this organization has probably had more influence than any other organization in the 20th century on Modern Neo-Paganism with its rituals, grimoires and rules
1891-1946 life of Dion Fortune, the magical name of Violet Mary Firth, a British occultist, medium and author whose books still influence modern Witchcraft and Neo-Paganism because she concluded that hostile psychic energy can emanate both deliberately and unwittingly from certain people and that one can mentally fend off such energy.
1863 to 1963- life of Margaret Murray who authored The Witch Cult in Western Europe and The God of the Witches
1884-Birth of Gerald Gardner
1898-Aleister Crowley joins Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
1899-Aradia- Gospel of the Witches written by Charles Leland
1900- Teacher to Crowley, Mathers is ousted from the Golden Dawn for his autocratic ways
1902-formation of the OTO or Ordo Templi Oreintis ( Order of the Temple of the Orient) a group devoted to sexual magic, by industrialist Karl Kellner who claimed to have learned Tantric magic from Hindu an d India tantrists. The OTO also claims they hold the sex secrets of the Knight’s of Templars whose leaders were executed during the Middle Ages
1907-Aleister Crowley forms the Order of the Silver Star
1912-Crowley becomes a leader of the OTO
1912-Austrian anti-Semite Adolf Lanz founds the Order of the New Templars based on astrology, rune magic, worship of the God Woton, Germanic paganism, and very strangely the Kabbalah
1914-OTO centers are established in Vancouver and Los Angeles by a disciple of Crowley named Charles Stansfield Jones
1916-Birth of Stewart Farrar
1919-Dion Fortune joins an outer order of the Hermetic Order of the Golden Dawn
1920-Joan of Arc declared a saint.
1920-George Elliot “Pat” Patterson III born-was later to found the Georgian Tradition of Witchcraft
1922-Crowley becomes head of the OTO
1926-Publication of The European Witch Cult by Margaret Murray
1926 to 1988 life of Alex Sanders-initiated into Gardnerian Witchcraft and later founded Alexandrian tradition
Montague Summers writes introductions for old books used for Inquisition praising their works.
1929- Dion Fortune left the branch of Hermetic Order of Golden Dawn that she was part of to found her own order, the Community of the Inner Light. At first the order was part of the Golden Dawn, but later separated from it. It continues to be based in London, but now is known as the Society of the Inner Light. It offers techniques in the Western esoteric tradition.
1937-Gerald Gardner returns from Ceylon and Malaya as a rubber and tea planter and customs official with an interest in knives, nudism and the super natural.
1939-Gardner joins a Rosicruician group call the Fellowship of Crotona through whom he purportedly meets a Witch coven
1946-Aleister Crowley dies an impoverished heroine addict
1949-Gardner publishes High Magic’s Aid
1950- birth of Janet Owen on June 24, 1950, in Clapton, London. Later known as Janet Farrar
1951-Witchcraft laws repealed in England
1951- Harvey Spencer Lewis leaves the OTO and founds the Mystic Order Rosae Crucis in San Jose after studying Rosicruicians
1954-Garnder publishes Witchcraft Today under the pen name Scire
1959-Gardner publishes final book The Meaning of Witchcraft
1960-publication of The God of the Witches by Margaret Murray
1962-Raymond Buckland moves to the USA
1963-Gardner meets Raymond Buckland who is visiting England and Gardner’s high priestess Monique Wilson initiates him. Buckland then introduces Gardnerian Witchcraft to the USA
1966-Formation of the First Church of Satan by Anton LeVey in CA
1967-Alex and Maxine Sanders are married and move to London. They are responsible for the creation of the Alexandrian tradition of Wicca
1969-Stewart Farrar meets Alex and Maxine Sanders when Stewart’s publisher sent him to interview them for a magazine article
1970-Farrar is initiated by Sanders on Feb. 21 in London where he meets Janet Owens who becomes his wife Janet Farrar in 1975(legally)
1970-December-the Farrars start their own coven
early 1970’s-Georgian Tradition of Witchcraft develops. Founded by George Elliot “Pat” Patterson III
1971-What Witches Do by Stewart Farrar was published
1971-Issac Bonewits publishes Real Magic
1974-October-Seleena Fox establishes Circle Sanctuary
1975-in the spring a number of Wiccan elders from diverse traditions, all sharing the idea of forming a religious organization for all practitioners of Witchcraft, gathered to draft a ‘covenant’ among themselves. These representatives also drafted bylaws to administer this new organization now known as the Covenant of the Goddess. At the 1975 Summer Solstice, the bylaws were ratified by thirteen member congregations (or covens). The Covenant of the Goddess was incorporated as a nonprofit religious organization on October 31st, 1975.
1976-Farrars move to Ireland and hive coven. They leave Susan and David Buckingham
in charge of the old coven in England
1978-Circle Sanctuary incorporated as a legal church
1980-Georgian Church founded
1980- Dr. Lawrence Pazder and Michelle Smith wrote “Michelle Remembers.” The concept of humans in league with Satan, which had been largely dormant for decades, was revived. Although the book has been shown to be a work of fiction, it is presented as factual, based on Michelle’s recovered memories. This book is felt to be largely responsible for triggering a new Witch/Satanist panic.
1981-Farrars publish Eight Sabbats for Witches
1984-Farrars publish The Witches’ Way-provided the first thorough reconstruction of the evolution of the Gardnerian Book of Shadows, as it was developed by Gardner and Doreen Valiente, including contributions by Valiente herself.
1984-Death of founder of Georgian tradition George Elliot “Pat” Patterson III
1980 to 1995- Two types of trials were held in North America, which repeated many of the same features of earlier Witch trials: Staff at some pre-schools, day care facilities and Sunday schools were accused of ritual abuse of children. Evidence was based on faulty medical diagnoses and memories of non-existent abuse implanted in the minds of very young children. Tens of thousands of adults, victimized by Recovered Memory Therapy, developed false memories of having been abused during childhood. In about 17% of the cases, these memories escalated to recollections of Satanic Ritual Abuse. Hundreds of parents were charged with criminal acts. Almost all of them were innocent. Most of the charges involved acts never happened.
1985- was Dettmer v. Landon. A 29 year old inmate incarcerated at the Powhatan Correctional Center in State Farm, Virginia claimed that his First Amendment right to the free exercise of his religion, the Church of Wicca, was violated by prison officials when they stated that Wicca was not a religion and would not allow access to items that Dettmer needed to practice his faith. The court found that the prison had violated Dettmer’s rights and that Wicca was indeed a religion with complex doctrines
1988-Death of Alex Sanders
1990’s- Some conservative Christian pastors continue to link two unrelated belief systems: The imaginary religion of Satan-worshipping Witches promoted by the Church during the Renaissance, and Wicca and other Neo-pagan religions which are nature-based faiths and which do not recognize the existence of the Christian devil.
1999- Conservative Christian pastors occasionally call for a renewal of the burning times, to exterminate Wiccans and other Neo-pagans. One example shows the intensity of misinformation and hatred that fear of Witches can generate. In 1999-AUG, Rev. Jack Harvey, pastor of Tabernacle Independent Baptist Church in Killeen, TX allegedly arranged for at least one member of his church to carry a handgun during religious services, “in case a warlock tries to grab one of our kids…I’ve heard they drink blood, eat babies. They have fires, they probably cook them…” During speeches which preceded his church’s demonstration against Wiccans, Rev. Harvey allegedly stated that Witches should be napalmed. One of the Christian’s signs read “Witchcraft is an abomination” on one side and “Burn the witches off Ft. Hood” on the other. 7 (Ft. Hood is a large army base near Killeen TX. A Wiccan faith group is active there.)
2000-death of Stewart Farrar