For weather that the computer calls, “partly cloudy” it’s pretty solid out there, but the clouds are at 300 feet, which kinda implies that it’s leftover fog and will burn off. 51F, wind at 3mph, AQI 60….hmm well that explains why my throat is so scratchy. There’s still a chance of rain on Tuesday, but Thursday is when the accumulation is supposed to start. We’ll see
Yesterday we got open just on time. We had one person in for Herbs Workshop. We worked on Infusions/Decoctions/Tinctures and then rose sachets.
I’m adding this Henry VIII book we were talking about
There were a number of people in shopping early on but that slowed down as the day went on. Loryea stopped by to chat for a bit and I got a nap. Otherwise we were doing more sorting and I did a little embroidery,
while Tempus was working in back, very late in the afternoon (after closing time, but we were still open).
We went after some groceries for today’s potluck, then ate a late supper and got back to it. It was midnight and we still weren’t done, but we won’t be for awhile. At least I had the crockpots and all found.
At that point we stopped and had a yam as a snack that had been baking from the time that we got back from the store. I was peeling vegetables and setting up the crocks as Tempus got them washed and then found me ingredients.
We ended up awake so late that I overslept this morning, but we’re open. The lentils smell delicious. I may snag a bowlful for breakfast!
So today is all cooking and projects well into the evening, but the shop will be open at least until 6pm.
A Ken Gagne photo of spindrift in Yachats from 10/5/15.
Today’s Plant is Rhubarb, Rheum rhabarbarum. Best known as “pie plant” or in strawberry and rhubarb jam this is a wonderful and nutritious stalk vegetable, that has been legally counted as a fruit, because of its uses. The roots have been used as a laxative for thousands of years, and the stalks, while strong-tasting when uncooked and with no sugar, are delicious in sauces, pies, jellies, juice and so on, but the leaves are poisonous. It is very easy to grow since the roots will over-winter, even if the stalks die back and it’s one of the earliest vegetables to be harvestable. – Feminine, Venus Earth. – Wear a dried piece to help with stomach or gut pain and general protection. The pie served to a mate helps to maintain fidelity and is an aphrodisiac, especially when combined with strawberries.
Today’s feast is that of St. Ursula who was martyred for refusing the advances of a Hun prince….supposedly. She may be a Christianized version of a bear/moon goddess from far earlier in history or even the goddess Freya. “Her legend, probably unhistorical, is that she was a princess who, at the request of her father King Dionotus of Dumnonia in south-west Britain, set sail to join her future husband, the pagan governor Conan Meriadoc of Armorica, along with 11,000 virginal handmaidens. After a miraculous storm brought them over the sea in a single day to a Gaulish port, Ursula declared that before her marriage she would undertake a pan-European pilgrimage. She headed for Rome with her followers and persuaded the pope, Cyriacus (unknown in the pontifical records), and Sulpicius, bishop of Ravenna, to join them. After setting out for Cologne, which was being besieged by Huns, all the virgins were beheaded in a massacre. The Huns’ leader shot Ursula dead, in about 383 (the date varies).” – Quoted from Wikipedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Saint_Ursula
The shop opens at 11am. Our hours are changing! Winter hours are 11am-5pm Thursday through Monday. Need something off hours? Give us a call at 541-563-7154 or Facebook or email at firstname.lastname@example.org If we’re supposed to be closed, but it looks like we’re there, try the door. If it’s open, the shop’s open! In case of bad weather, check here at the blog for updates, on our Facebook as Ancient Light, or call the shop.
Love & Light,
Today’s Astro & Calendar
Waxing Moon Magick – The waxing moon is for constructive magick, such as love, wealth, success, courage, friendship, luck or healthy, protection, divination. Any working that needs extra power, such as help finding a new job or healings for serious conditions, can be done now. Also, love, knowledge, legal undertakings, money and dreams. Phase ends at the Tide Change on 10/24 at 9:45am. Waxing Gibbous Moon – From seven to fourteen days after the new moon. For spells that need concentrated work over a ¼ moon cycle this is the best time for constructive workings. Aim to do the last working on the day of the Full moon, before the turn. Keywords for the Gibbous phase are: analyze, prepare, trust. It is the time in a cycle to process the results of the actions taken during the First Quarter. During this phase you are gathering information. Give up making judgments; it will only lead to worry. Your knowledge is incomplete. Laugh. Analyze and filter. LOOK WITHIN. God/dess aspect: Maiden/Youth, but in the uncommitted phase, the Warriors – Associated God/desses: Dion, Dionysius, Venus, Thor. Phase ends at the Full on 10/22 at 9:45pm.
If you’re up early this morning, you should see a number of bright streaks peppering the sky. These are Orionid meteors, which belong to an annual shower that peaks before dawn. The waxing gibbous Moon sets around 4 a.m. local daylight time, leaving nearly two hours of dark skies for observers. At its peak, the shower should produce up to 20 meteors per hour radiating from the northern part of the constellation Orion the Hunter.
Around the very end of twilight, you’ll find zero-magnitude <<<<< Arcturus shining low in the west-northwest at the same height as zero-magnitude Capella >>>>> in the northeast. When this happens, turn to the south-southeast, and there will be 1st-magnitude Fomalhaut at the same height too — if you’re at latitude 43° north. Seen from south of that latitude Fomalhaut will appear higher; from north of there it will be lower. That bright point far upper right of Fomalhaut is Mars.
The next couple of mornings offer a nice opportunity to view the zodiacal light. From the Northern Hemisphere, early autumn is the best time of year to observe this elusive glow before sunrise. It appears slightly fainter than the Milky Way, so you’ll need a clear moonless sky and an observing site located far from the city. Look for the cone-shaped glow, which points nearly straight up from the eastern horizon, shortly before morning twilight begins (around 5:45 a.m. local daylight time at mid-northern latitudes). The Moon returns to the predawn sky October 23, however, and its bright light will overwhelm the much fainter zodiacal light.
Mercury (magnitude –0.2) is very low in the sunset, having its worst evening apparition of 2018. Use binoculars to scan for it starting from easier Jupiter. Mercury is 11° lower right of Jupiter on October 19th and moves to 4° below Jupiter by the 26th.
Old Farmer’s Almanac Sky Map for October – https://www.almanac.com/content/sky-map-star-chart-october-2018
Goddess Month of Hathor runs from 10/3 – 10/30
Celtic Tree Month of Gort/Ivy Sep 30 – Oct 27
Runic half-month of Wunjo/Wyn – October 13-28 – Wyn represents joy, the rune being the shape of a weather vane. The month represents the creation of harmony within the given conditions of the present.
©2018 M. Bartlett, Some parts separately copyright
Gort/Ivy Sep 30 – Oct 27 – Gort – (GORT), ivy – Ivy (Hedera helix L.) is also a vine, growing to 30 m (100 feet) long in beech woods and around human habitations, where it is widely planted as a ground cover. Ivy produces greenish flowers before Samhain on short, vertical shrubby branches. The leaves of these flowering branches lack the characteristic lobes of the leaves of the rest of the plant. Like holly, ivy is evergreen, its dark green leaves striking in the bare forests of midwinter. Ivy is widely cultivated in North America. It is a member of the Ginseng family (Araliaceae).
to study this month Uilleand – Honeysuckle Ogam letter correspondences
Letter: P, PE, UI
Meaning: Proceed with caution.
Day High Tide Height Sunrise Moon Time % Moon
~ /Low Time Feet Sunset Visible
Su 21 Low 5:03 AM 1.1 7:39 AM Set 4:15 AM 84
~ 21 High 11:20 AM 7.1 6:22 PM Rise 5:30 PM
~ 21 Low 5:36 PM 1.6
~ 21 High 11:26 PM 6.8
Affirmation/Thought for the Day – Optimists are aware that the cherries of life have pits, but they are prepared to remove them. Their minds do not dwell on the pits, but on the sweetness of the cherries.
~ Samuel Beckett once said, “Try again. Fail again. Fail better.”
~ Expose yourself to your deepest fear; after that, fear has no power, and the fear of freedom shrinks and vanishes. You are free.” – Jim Morrison
~ In many shamanic societies, if you came to a medicine person complaining of being disheartened, dispirited, or depressed, they would ask one of four questions. When did you stop dancing? When did you stop singing? When did you stop being enchanted by stories? When did you stop finding comfort in the sweet territory of silence?” – Gabrielle Rotho
~ My church is not found in any building, for all things are sacred and the Earth is my altar. – StarShine Surreal
“Come, little leaves,” said the wind one day,
“Come o’er the meadows with me and play:
Put on your dresses of red and gold –
For summer is gone and the days grow cold.” – Anon.
Identifying Samhain as a Celtic Death God is one of the most tenacious errors associated with Halloween.
Almost all stories about the origin of Halloween correctly state that Halloween had its origins among the ancient Celts and is based on their “Feast of Samhain.” However, a writer in the 18th century incorrectly stated that Samhain was named after the famous Celtic “God of the Dead.” Many religious conservatives who are opposed to Halloween, Druidism, and/or Wicca picked up this belief without checking its accuracy, and accepted it as valid.
No such God ever existed. By the late 1990’s many secular sources such as newspapers and television programs had picked up the error and propagated it widely. It is now a nearly universal belief, particularly among conservative Protestants.
Modern-day Samhain is the day when many Wiccans believe that their God dies, later to be reborn. [Wicca is a Neo-pagan, Earth-centered religion.] Thus, Samhain is not a God of death; it is actually began as a yearly observance of the death of a God.
Was/is Samhain a Celtic God?
The answer is a definite yes and no:
|YES. He did exist. Many Neopagan and secular sources are probably wrong. As As Isaac Bonewits writes: “Major dictionaries of Celtic Languages don’t mention any ‘Samhain’ deity…” 8 However, there is some evidence that there really was an obscure, little known character named Samain or Sawan who played the role of a very minor hero in Celtic mythology. His main claim to fame was that Balor of the Evil Eye stole his magical cow. His existence is little known, even among Celtic historians. He was a hero, not a god. It is likely that he was named after the end of summer celebration rather than vice-versa.|
|NO. Many conservative Christian and secular sources are definitely wrong; there is/was no Celtic God of the Dead. The Great God Samhain appears to have been invented in the 18th century, as a God of the Dead before the ancient Celtic people and their religion were studied by historians and archaeologists.|
McBain’s Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language says that ‘samhuinn’ (the Scots Gaelic spelling) means ‘summer’s end’…” The Celts observed only two seasons of the year: summer and winter. So, Samhain was celebrated at one of the transitions between these seasons.
Samhain is pronounced “sah-van” or “sow-in” (where “ow” rhymes with “cow”). Samhain is Irish Gaelic for the month of November. Samhuin is Scottish Gaelic for All Hallows, NOV-1.
A language expert has commented that the “mh” in Samhain and Samhuin “would originally have been pronounced like an “m” made without quite closing your mouth.” At the present time, the original pronunciation is still heard. Some tighten it to a “v” sound (typical in the south) or loosen it to a “w” sound (typical in the west and, especially, the north). In “Samhain” the “w” pronunciation would be most common.” 20
There are many sources supporting the conclusion that Samhain refers to the festival, not a God of the Dead. They come from Celtic, Druidic, Irish, and Wiccan individuals and groups:
|Wiccan web site “Brightest Blessings” mentions:
“Samhain (October 31), most often recognized as our New Year, is also called Ancestor Night. It represented the final harvest, when the crops were safely stored for the coming Winter. As the veil between the worlds of life and death is thin on this night, we take this time to remember our beloved dead.“
|W.J, Bethancourt III has an online essay which traces the God Samhain myth back to the year 1770 when Col. Charles Vallency wrote a 6 volume set of books which attempted to prove that the Irish people once came from Armenia. Samhain as a god was later picked up in a 1827 book by Godfrey Higgins. 9 That book attempted to prove that the Druids originally came from India. The error might have originated in confusion over the name of Samana, an ancient Vedic/Hindu deity. Bethancourt comments:
“With modern research, archaeology and the study of the Indo-European migrations, these conclusions can be seen as the complete errors they were…”
Later, he writes: “ ‘Samhain’ is the name of the holiday. There is no evidence of any god or demon named ‘Samhain,’ ‘Samain,’ ‘Sam Hane,’ or however you want to vary the spelling.“
|Rowan Moonstone, a Wiccan, comments:
“I’ve spent several years trying to trace the “Great God Samhain” and I have YET to find seminal sources for the same. The first reference seems to be from Col. Vallency in the 1700s and then Lady Wilde in her book ‘Mystic Charms and Superstitions’ advances the ‘Samhain, lord of the dead’ theory. Vallency, of course was before the work done on Celtic religion in either literature or archaeology.” 12
|The Irish English Dictionary, published by the Irish Texts Society, defines Samhain as follows:
“Samhain, All Hallowtide, the feast of the dead in Pagan and Christian times, signalizing the close of harvest and the initiation of the winter season, lasting till May, during which troops (esp. the Fiann) were quartered.” 13
|The Scottish Gaelis Dictionary similarly defines Samhain as:
“Hallowtide. The Feast of All Soula. Sam + Fuin = end of summer.” 14
|J.C. Cooper, author of The Dictionary of Festivals identifies Samhain as:|
“Samhain or Samhuinn: (Celtic). 31 October, Eve of 1 November, was the beginning of the Celtic year, the beginning of the season of cold, dearth and darkness.” 19
|Wiccans have attempted to reconstruct the ancient Celtic religion. They include this festival as one of their 8 Sabbats (seasonal days of celebration). They do not acknowledge the existence of a God of the Dead named Samhain or a similar deity by any other name. Modern-day Druids and other Neopagans also celebrate Samhain as a special day.|
Meaning of Samhain according to most conservative Christians:
The belief that Samhain is a Celtic God of the Dead is near universal among conservative Christian ministries, authors and web sites. They rarely cite references. This is unfortunate, because it would greatly simplify the job of tracing the myth of Samhain as a God back to its origin:
|In 1989, Johanna Michaelsen wrote a book opposing the New Age, Humanism and Wicca. It is titled “Your Child and the Occult” 4 She writes:
“The Feast of Samhain was a fearsome night, a dreaded night, a night in which great bonfires were lit to Samana the Lord of Death, the dark Aryan god who was known as the Grim Reaper, the leader of the ancestral Ghosts.“
|The Watchman Fellowship Inc is a conservative Christian counter-cult group which attempts to raise public concern over religious groups whose theological teachings deviate from orthodox Christianity. Lately, they have also been expressing concern about the dangers of inter-religious dialog. They seem to imply that belief in Baal, a Middle Eastern deity, made it all the way into Celtic lands. They assert:
“It [Halloween] was at this time of the year that Baal, the Celtic god of Spring and Summer, ended his reign. It was also when the Lord of the Dead, Samhain, began his reign.“
|David Berkowitz, the Son of Sam serial killer, converted to conservative Christianity after his trial and incarceration. He has claimed that he was simply a lookout for an evil Satanic cult who actually performed the murders. He further states that “Sam” in “Son of Sam” comes from the name of the Celtic God of the Dead, Samhain, which he pronounced “Sam-hane.” His story is suspect because:
|David Porter, author of “Hallowe’en: Treat or Trick?,” comments:|
“The Celtic New Year festival was known as the celebration of Samhain, the Lord of the Dead.”
|The “Exposing Satanism” website states:|
“Halloween, All saints day, All hallows eve or All souls day is [sic] a festival. It was held to honor the Samhain the so called “lord of death”. It was a Druidical belief that on the eve of this festival Samhain, lord of death, called together the wicked spirits that within the past 12 months had been condemned to inhabit the bodies of animals.” 21
|John Ankerbert & John Weldon have written a series of pamphlets that are among the best works by conservative Christian authors for the general public. They make extensive use of footnotes and exhibit careful research of their topic. 17 Apparently they were faced with a conflict with respect to Samhain – whether:
They compromised by stating:
“…400 names of Celtic gods are known…’Samhain’ as the specific name of the Lord of Death is uncertain, but it is possible that the Lord of Death was the chief druidic deity. We’ll follow the lead of several other authors and call him Samhain.”
This is a strange comment, because they must have been aware that there is no mention in the historical record of a major Celtic God called Samhain. Thus is it most improbable that Samhain would be the chief Druidic deity, and have gone so long undetected.
|On the other hand there are conservative Christians who follow the lead of archaeological and religious research. Richard Bucher from a Massachusetts congregation of the Lutheran church – Missouri Synod writes: 16
“Nothing in the extant literature or in the archaeological finds supports the notion that there ever existed a god of the dead known as Samam (sometimes spelled, ‘Samhain,’ pronounced ‘sow -en’), though hundreds of gods’ names are known. Rather, Saman or Samhain is the name of the festival itself. It means “summer’s end” and merely referred to the end of one year and the beginning of the new.
This misinformation is caused by numerous conservative Protestant writers copying material from other conservative Protestant writers, without first checking its validity.
Meaning of Samhain according to secular sources:
Most newspapers and other secular sources appear to be following conservative Christian thought, rather than academic research. Two examples are:
Lee Carr wrote the text for a web site “Halloweenies…For kids not meanies.” 5 She writes:
“Druids would feast and build huge bonfires to celebrate the Sun God, and thank him for the food that the land produced. The next day, November 1st, was the Celtic New Year, and it was believed that on this day the souls of all dead people would gather together. Therefore, on Halloween, the Celts would also honor the God of the Dead, Samhain.”
Scottish Radiance writes about Samhain: 7
“The Celtics believed, that during the winter, the sun god was taken prisoner by Samhain, the Lord of the Dead and Prince of Darkness…On the eve before their new year (October 31), it was believed that Samhain called together all the dead people.”
Gods named Sam…:
There appear to be many, mostly male, deities which had names starting with “Sam.” None were Celtic. However, the similarity in their names to Samhain might have contributed to the confusion:
|Samael was a name in Hebrew for an accuser and a member of God’s inner council in charge of dirty deeds|
|Samana, “the leveler” is the name of an Aryan God of Death (a.k.a. Yama, Sradhadeva, Antaka, or Kritanta) according to the ancient Veda scriptures of Hinduism.|
|Samas was the Sun God of the northern Semites|
|Sams was the Sun Goddess of southern Semites|
|Shamash was the Sun God and God of righteousness, law and divination of the Assyrians and Babylonians|
Another Celtic “God”: Muck Olla
“Muck Olla” surfaces in some conservative Christian sources as an alleged “early Druid [sic] deity.” 10 Another web site refers to Muck Olla as a Celtic sun god. 15 Muck (if we can be so familiar as to refer to a God by his first name) is in reality a type of mythical boogie-man from Yorkshire in England. His name is grounded in old folk stories; he never existed as a Druidic God.
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- Broceliande, “Wheel of the Year,” at: http://www.triplemoon.com/
- “Brightest Blessings,” at: http://www.no-exit-studios.demon.co.uk/
- Johanna Michaelsen, “Your Child and the Occult: Like Lambs to the Slaughter,” Harvest House, Eugene OR, (1989), Page 185.
- Lee Carr, “Halloweenies…For kids not meanies,” at: http://nashville.citysearch.com/
- J. & S. Farrar, “Eight Sabbats for Witches,” Phoenix Publishing, Custer, WA (1981), Page 121
- Scottish Radiance, “The Story of Halloween,” at: http://www.scottishradiance.com/
- Isaac Bonowits, “The Real Origins of Halloween 3.9.7” at: http://www.neopagan.net/
- W.J. Bethancourt III, “Halloween, Myths, Monsters and Devils,” at: http://www.illusions.com/ A superb site.
- Mrs. Gloria Phillips, “Halloween: What It Is From A Christian Perspective,” at: http://www.webzonecom.com/
- The Watchman Fellowship at: http://www.watchman.org/
- Rowan Moonstone, “The Origins of Halloween” at: http://www.geocities.com/
- Patrick Dineen, “An Irish English Dictionary” (Dublin, 1927), Page 937 Quoted in 12
- Malcolm MacLennan, “A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language” (Aberdeen, 1979), Page 279. Quoted in 12
- David L. Brown, “The Dark Side of Halloween“, LOGOS Communication Consortium, at: http://www.execpc.com/
- Richard Bucher, “Can Christians Celebrate Halloween” at: http://www.ultranet.com/
- J. Ankerberg & J. Weldon, “The Facts on Halloween: What Christians Need to Know,” Harvest House, Eugene OR (1996), Page 6.
- David Porter, “Hallowe’en: Treat or Trick?,” Monarch, Tunbridge Wells, UK (1993), Page 24.
- J.C. Cooper, “The Dictionary of Festivals,” (1995), Thorsons, London, UK, Page 189-190.
- Personal E-mail, 2006-FEB-23.
- “Halloween,” Exposing Satanism, at: http://www.exposingsatanism.org/
Silliness – The Witness
An old man was a witness in a burglary case.
The defense lawyer asked Richard, “Did you see my client commit this burglary?”
“Yes,” said Richard , “I saw him plainly take the goods.”
The lawyer asks Richard again, “Richard, this happened at night. Are you sure you saw my client commit this crime?”
“Yes” says Richard, “I saw him do it.”
Then the lawyer asks Richard, “Richard listen, you are 80 years old and your eye sight probably is bad. Just how far can you see at night?”
Richard says, “I can see the moon, how far is that?”