Right now it’s quite overcast, and everything is wet, but it’s getting brighter and drying up. Looks like partly cloudy today. 58F, wind at 0mph, AQI44, UV3. Wow…. the coming rain just looks to be more and more…. Heavy from Tuesday through Thursday, almost 100% chance, and then about 50% out to the end of the 10-day forecast….
Yesterday I had to fight Facebook to get the pointers for the newsletter posted, and that was after arguing with the printer. I ended up really annoyed! …and then had less than 1/2 an hour to get myself together.
…and we started the opening ritual a little late, but it was short and then we chatted for a bit until it was classtime. The printer worked beautifully on the class handouts. I was very happy.
Simpling went *really* well, I think, and I was happy with the Initiation class. I had 3 students, which was the same for both of my classes, although Tempus had only two since one went home with a headache at lunchtime.
The soup turned out really well as did the hot cider, although I put too much ginger in again. A couple of people went home to get supper, the rest of us got stuff from the China Restaurant. Pilgrim stopped by for a bit, to say hi. It’s been awhile since I’ve seen him.
It started to rain at some point around then. Good thing we decided not to go with a beach ritual! We had our quiet Full Moon ritual, and then everyone went home, since it had already been a long day. Tempus and I closed up and crashed.
- Today is Stonehenge at 11am.
- Magickal Embroidery at 2pm.
- The closing ritual will begin around 4pm, later if embroiderers want to keep going for a few.
- …and then clean-up.
Today’s plant is Candy Flower, Claytonia siberica, also called Siberian Spring Beauty, Siberian Miner’s Lettuce or Pink Purslane is a flowering plant in the family Montiaceae, native to Siberia and western North America. A synonym is Montia sibirica. The plant was introduced into the United Kingdom by the 18th century where it has become very widespread. It is similar to Miner’s Lettuce in properties, but not as edible. – Feminine, Moon, Water, – Sprinkling it inside the home brings happiness, so it’s good in floor washes or new home blessings. Carry it with you for luck and to protect from violence. Put it into sleep pillows or add to a dream catcher to keep away nightmares. I’ve actually slipped it between the mattress and sheets for this purpose. This one is also a spirit-lifter.http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Claytonia_sibirica
Lux Mundi festival, ancient Rome – Lux Mundi literally means ‘the Light of the World’. This is also another name for France’s Liberty, whose day this also is. Liberty’s torch shines hope in the world. Her statue graces New York City’s harbour, her full name being Liberty Enlightening the World.
In Roman mythology, Liberty is Libertas, the goddess of freedom. Originally a deity of personal freedom, she evolved to become the goddess of the commonwealth. Her temples were found on the Aventine Hill and the Forum. She was depicted on many Roman coins as a female figure wearing a pileus (a felt cap, worn by slaves when they were set free), a wreath of laurels and a spear … from Pip Wilson’s Almanac.
In recent times the title of Lux Mundi has been taken on by Christians to mean Jesus rather than enlightenment, so many online references reflect this. More here: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Statue_of_Liberty http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Libertas
The shop opens at 11am. Fall hours are 11am-6pm Thursday through Monday. Need something off hours? Give us a call at 541-563-7154 or Facebook or email at firstname.lastname@example.org If we’re supposed to be closed, but it looks like we’re there, try the door. If it’s open, the shop’s open! In case of bad weather, check here at the blog for updates, on our Facebook as Ancient Light, or call the shop.
Love & Light,
Today’s Astro & Calendar
Waxing Moon Magick – The waxing moon is for constructive magick, such as love, wealth, success, courage, friendship, luck or healthy, protection, divination. Any working that needs extra power, such as help finding a new job or healings for serious conditions, can be done now. Also, love, knowledge, legal undertakings, money and dreams. Phase ends at the Tide Change on 10/13 at 2:08pm. Full Moon – The day of, the day before, and day after the true Full Moon. “And better it be when the moon is full!”! Prime time for rituals for prophecy, for spells to come to fruition, infusing health and wholeness, etc. A good time for invoking deity. FRUITION Manifesting goals, nurturing, passion, healing, strength, power. Workings on this day are for protection, divination. “extra power”, job hunting, healing serious conditions Also, love, knowledge, legal undertakings, money and dreams. God/dess Aspect: Mother/Abundance/Kingship – – Associated God/desses: Danu, Cerridwen, Gaia, Aphrodite, Isis, Jupiter, Amon-Ra. Phase ends on 10/15 at 2:08am. Waning Moon Magick – From the Full Moon to the New is a time for study, meditation, and magic designed to banish harmful energies and habits, for ridding oneself of addictions, illness or negativity. Remember: what goes up must come down. Phase ends at the Tide Change on 10/27 at 8:39pm.
Full Moon officially arrives at 5:08 p.m. EDT, but it will look completely illuminated all night. You can find it rising in the east shortly after sunset and peaking in the south around 1 a.m. local daylight time. It dips low in the west by the time morning twilight starts to paint the sky. The Moon lies in southeastern Pisces near that constellation’s border with Cetus. October’s Full Moon also goes by the name “Hunter’s Moon.” In early autumn, the Full Moon rises about half an hour later each night compared with a normal lag close to 50 minutes. The added early evening illumination supposedly helps hunters track down their prey.
Cygnus the Swan flies nearly straight overhead these evenings. Its brightest stars form the big Northern Cross, usually visible even through bright moonlight. When you face southwest and crane your head up, the cross appears to stand upright. It’s about two fists at arm’s length tall, with Deneb as its top. Or to put it another way, the Swan is diving straight down. Lower right of it, when you’re facing southwest, shines bright Vega. Farther lower left is Altair.
Saturn (magnitude +0.5, in Sagittarius) is the steady yellow “star” in the south-southwest during and after dusk. It’s 25° upper left of Jupiter. Below Saturn is the handle of the Sagittarius Teapot. Barely above it is the dimmer, smaller bowl of the Sagittarius Teaspoon. Binoculars help through the moonlight!
Old Farmer’s Almanac Sky map for October – https://www.almanac.com/content/sky-map-october-2019
Goddess Month of Hathor runs from 10/3 – 10/30
Celtic Tree Month of Gort/Ivy Sep 30 – Oct 27
Runic half-month of Wunjo/Wyn – October 13-28 – Wyn represents joy, the rune being the shape of a weather vane. The month represents the creation of harmony within the given conditions of the present.
©2019 M. Bartlett, Some parts separately copyright
Celtic Tree Month of Gort / Ivy Sep 30 – Oct 27 – Gort – (GORT), ivy – Ivy (Hedera helix L.) is also a vine, growing to 30 m (100 feet) long in beech woods and around human habitations, where it is widely planted as a ground cover. Ivy produces greenish flowers before Samhain on short, vertical shrubby branches. The leaves of these flowering branches lack the characteristic lobes of the leaves of the rest of the plant. Like holly, ivy is evergreen, its dark green leaves striking in the bare forests of midwinter. Ivy is widely cultivated in North America. It is a member of the Ginseng family (Araliaceae).
Day High Tide Height Sunrise Moon Time % Moon
~ /Low Time Feet Sunset Visible
Su 13 High 12:48 AM 7.0 7:29 AM Set 7:05 AM 98
~ 13 Low 6:57 AM 1.2 6:36 PM Rise 7:02 PM
~ 13 High 1:01 PM 7.6
~ 13 Low 7:25 PM 0.6
Affirmation/Thought for the Day – Being both soft and strong is a combination very few have mastered.
~ I feel that the greatest reward for doing is the opportunity to do more. – Jonas Salk (1914-1995) US microbiologist
~ No person was ever wise by chance. – Seneca
~ If you don’t like something, change it. If you can’t change it, change your attitude. Don’t complain. – Maya Angelou
~ I hate small towns because once you’ve seen the cannon in the park there’s nothing else to do. – Lenny Bruce (1925-1966) US comic
On All Saints’ Day blustering is the weather.
Very unlike the beginning of the past fair season:
Besides God there is none who knows the future. – From The Heroic Elegies of Llywarch Hên (6th-Century Welsh), translated by Dr W Owen Pughe, 1792 (William Hone, The Every-Day Book, or a Guide to the Year, William Tegg and Co., London, 1878, 711 – 712; 1825-26 edition online)
Magick – Lore – The myth of Samhain: “Celtic god of the dead” – http://www.religioustolerance.org/hallo_sa.htm
Identifying Samhain as a Celtic Death God is one of the most tenacious errors associated with Halloween.
Almost all stories about the origin of Halloween correctly state that Halloween had its origins among the ancient Celts and is based on their “Feast of Samhain.” However, a writer in the 18th century incorrectly stated that Samhain was named after the famous Celtic “God of the Dead.” Many religious conservatives who are opposed to Halloween, Druidism, and/or Wicca picked up this belief without checking its accuracy, and accepted it as valid.
No such God ever existed. By the late 1990’s many secular sources such as newspapers and television programs had picked up the error and propagated it widely. It is now a nearly universal belief, particularly among conservative Protestants.
Modern-day Samhain is the day when many Wiccans believe that their God dies, later to be reborn. [Wicca is a Neo-pagan, Earth-centered religion.] Thus, Samhain is not a God of death; it is actually began as a yearly observance of the death of a God.
Was/is Samhain a Celtic God?
The answer is a definite yes and no:
YES. He did exist. Many Neopagan and secular sources are probably wrong. As As Isaac Bonewits writes: “Major dictionaries of Celtic Languages don’t mention any ‘Samhain’ deity…” 8 However, there is some evidence that there really was an obscure, little known character named Samain or Sawan who played the role of a very minor hero in Celtic mythology. His main claim to fame was that Balor of the Evil Eye stole his magical cow. His existence is little known, even among Celtic historians. He was a hero, not a god. It is likely that he was named after the end of summer celebration rather than vice-versa.
- NO. Many conservative Christian and secular sources are definitely wrong; there is/was no Celtic God of the Dead. The Great God Samhain appears to have been invented in the 18th century, as a God of the Dead before the ancient Celtic people and their religion were studied by historians and archaeologists.
McBain’s Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language says that ‘samhuinn’ (the Scots Gaelic spelling) means ‘summer’s end’…” The Celts observed only two seasons of the year: summer and winter. So, Samhain was celebrated at one of the transitions between these seasons.
Samhain is pronounced “sah-van” or “sow-in” (where “ow” rhymes with “cow”). Samhain is Irish Gaelic for the month of November. Samhuin is Scottish Gaelic for All Hallows, NOV-1.
A language expert has commented that the “mh” in Samhain and Samhuin “would originally have been pronounced like an “m” made without quite closing your mouth.” At the present time, the original pronunciation is still heard. Some tighten it to a “v” sound (typical in the south) or loosen it to a “w” sound (typical in the west and, especially, the north). In “Samhain” the “w” pronunciation would be most common.” 20
There are many sources supporting the conclusion that Samhain refers to the festival, not a God of the Dead. They come from Celtic, Druidic, Irish, and Wiccan individuals and groups:
Wiccan web site “Brightest Blessings” mentions:
“Samhain (October 31), most often recognized as our New Year, is also called Ancestor Night. It represented the final harvest, when the crops were safely stored for the coming Winter. As the veil between the worlds of life and death is thin on this night, we take this time to remember our beloved dead.”
W.J, Bethancourt III has an online essay which traces the God Samhain myth back to the year 1770 when Col. Charles Vallency wrote a 6 volume set of books which attempted to prove that the Irish people once came from Armenia. Samhain as a god was later picked up in a 1827 book by Godfrey Higgins. 9 That book attempted to prove that the Druids originally came from India. The error might have originated in confusion over the name of Samana, an ancient Vedic/Hindu deity. Bethancourt comments:
“With modern research, archaeology and the study of the Indo-European migrations, these conclusions can be seen as the complete errors they were…”
Later, he writes: “ ‘Samhain’ is the name of the holiday. There is no evidence of any god or demon named ‘Samhain,’ ‘Samain,’ ‘Sam Hane,’ or however you want to vary the spelling.”
Rowan Moonstone, a Wiccan, comments:
“I’ve spent several years trying to trace the “Great God Samhain” and I have YET to find seminal sources for the same. The first reference seems to be from Col. Vallency in the 1700s and then Lady Wilde in her book ‘Mystic Charms and Superstitions’ advances the ‘Samhain, lord of the dead’ theory. Vallency, of course was before the work done on Celtic religion in either literature or archaeology.” 12
The Irish English Dictionary, published by the Irish Texts Society, defines Samhain as follows:
“Samhain, All Hallowtide, the feast of the dead in Pagan and Christian times, signalizing the close of harvest and the initiation of the winter season, lasting till May, during which troops (esp. the Fiann) were quartered.” 13
The Scottish Gaelis Dictionary similarly defines Samhain as:
“Hallowtide. The Feast of All Soula. Sam + Fuin = end of summer.” 14
J.C. Cooper, author of The Dictionary of Festivals identifies Samhain as:
“Samhain or Samhuinn: (Celtic). 31 October, Eve of 1 November, was the beginning of the Celtic year, the beginning of the season of cold, dearth and darkness.” 19
|Wiccans have attempted to reconstruct the ancient Celtic religion. They include this festival as one of their 8 Sabbats (seasonal days of celebration). They do not acknowledge the existence of a God of the Dead named Samhain or a similar deity by any other name. Modern-day Druids and other Neopagans also celebrate Samhain as a special day.|
Meaning of Samhain according to most conservative Christians:
The belief that Samhain is a Celtic God of the Dead is near universal among conservative Christian ministries, authors and web sites. They rarely cite references. This is unfortunate, because it would greatly simplify the job of tracing the myth of Samhain as a God back to its origin:
In 1989, Johanna Michaelsen wrote a book opposing the New Age, Humanism and Wicca. It is titled “Your Child and the Occult” 4 She writes:
“The Feast of Samhain was a fearsome night, a dreaded night, a night in which great bonfires were lit to Samana the Lord of Death, the dark Aryan god who was known as the Grim Reaper, the leader of the ancestral Ghosts.”
The Watchman Fellowship Inc is a conservative Christian counter-cult group which attempts to raise public concern over religious groups whose theological teachings deviate from orthodox Christianity. Lately, they have also been expressing concern about the dangers of inter-religious dialog. They seem to imply that belief in Baal, a Middle Eastern deity, made it all the way into Celtic lands. They assert:
“It [Halloween] was at this time of the year that Baal, the Celtic god of Spring and Summer, ended his reign. It was also when the Lord of the Dead, Samhain, began his reign.”
David Berkowitz, the Son of Sam serial killer, converted to conservative Christianity after his trial and incarceration. He has claimed that he was simply a lookout for an evil Satanic cult who actually performed the murders. He further states that “Sam” in “Son of Sam” comes from the name of the Celtic God of the Dead, Samhain, which he pronounced “Sam-hane.” His story is suspect because:
- He mispronounced Samhain.
- Samhain is not a Celtic God.
- Samhain is not a Satanic deity either.
- The police investigators are convinced that he was a lone killer, not a member of a group.
David Porter, author of “Hallowe’en: Treat or Trick?,” comments:
“The Celtic New Year festival was known as the celebration of Samhain, the Lord of the Dead.”
The “Exposing Satanism” website states:
“Halloween, All saints day, All hallows eve or All souls day is [sic] a festival. It was held to honor the Samhain the so called “lord of death”. It was a Druidical belief that on the eve of this festival Samhain, lord of death, called together the wicked spirits that within the past 12 months had been condemned to inhabit the bodies of animals.” 21
John Ankerbert & John Weldon have written a series of pamphlets that are among the best works by conservative Christian authors for the general public. They make extensive use of footnotes and exhibit careful research of their topic. 17 Apparently they were faced with a conflict with respect to Samhain – whether:
to follow the findings of historians and archaeologists, and admit that Samhain is simply the name of the festival, or
to support previous Christian authors and refer to Samhain as the Druidic God of the Dead even though there is no archaeological evidence to support that conclusion.
They compromised by stating:
“…400 names of Celtic gods are known…’Samhain’ as the specific name of the Lord of Death is uncertain, but it is possible that the Lord of Death was the chief druidic deity. We’ll follow the lead of several other authors and call him Samhain.”
This is a strange comment, because they must have been aware that there is no mention in the historical record of a major Celtic God called Samhain. Thus is it most improbable that Samhain would be the chief Druidic deity, and have gone so long undetected.
|On the other hand there are conservative Christians who follow the lead of archaeological and religious research. Richard Bucher from a Massachusetts congregation of the Lutheran church – Missouri Synod writes: 16
“Nothing in the extant literature or in the archaeological finds supports the notion that there ever existed a god of the dead known as Samam (sometimes spelled, ‘Samhain,’ pronounced ‘sow -en’), though hundreds of gods’ names are known. Rather, Saman or Samhain is the name of the festival itself. It means “summer’s end” and merely referred to the end of one year and the beginning of the new.
This misinformation is caused by numerous conservative Protestant writers copying material from other conservative Protestant writers, without first checking its validity.
Meaning of Samhain according to secular sources:
Most newspapers and other secular sources appear to be following conservative Christian thought, rather than academic research. Two examples are:
Lee Carr wrote the text for a web site “Halloweenies…For kids not meanies.” 5 She writes:
“Druids would feast and build huge bonfires to celebrate the Sun God, and thank him for the food that the land produced. The next day, November 1st, was the Celtic New Year, and it was believed that on this day the souls of all dead people would gather together. Therefore, on Halloween, the Celts would also honor the God of the Dead, Samhain.”
Scottish Radiance writes about Samhain: 7
“The Celtics believed, that during the winter, the sun god was taken prisoner by Samhain, the Lord of the Dead and Prince of Darkness…On the eve before their new year (October 31), it was believed that Samhain called together all the dead people.”
Gods named Sam…:
There appear to be many, mostly male, deities which had names starting with “Sam.” None were Celtic. However, the similarity in their names to Samhain might have contributed to the confusion:
- Samael was a name in Hebrew for an accuser and a member of God’s inner council in charge of dirty deeds
- Samana, “the leveler” is the name of an Aryan God of Death (a.k.a. Yama, Sradhadeva, Antaka, or Kritanta) according to the ancient Veda scriptures of Hinduism.
- Samas was the Sun God of the northern Semites
- Sams was the Sun Goddess of southern Semites
- Shamash was the Sun God and God of righteousness, law and divination of the Assyrians and Babylonians
Another Celtic “God”: Muck Olla
“Muck Olla” surfaces in some conservative Christian sources as an alleged “early Druid [sic] deity.” 10 Another web site refers to Muck Olla as a Celtic sun god. 15 Muck (if we can be so familiar as to refer to a God by his first name) is in reality a type of mythical boogie-man from Yorkshire in England. His name is grounded in old folk stories; he never existed as a Druidic God.
The following information sources were used to prepare and update the above essay. The hyperlinks are not necessarily still active today.
- Broceliande, “Wheel of the Year,” at: http://www.triplemoon.com/
- “Brightest Blessings,” at: http://www.no-exit-studios.demon.co.uk/
- Johanna Michaelsen, “Your Child and the Occult: Like Lambs to the Slaughter,” Harvest House, Eugene OR, (1989), Page 185.
- Lee Carr, “Halloweenies…For kids not meanies,” at: http://nashville.citysearch.com/
- J. & S. Farrar, “Eight Sabbats for Witches,” Phoenix Publishing, Custer, WA (1981), Page 121
- Scottish Radiance, “The Story of Halloween,” at: http://www.scottishradiance.com/
- Isaac Bonowits, “The Real Origins of Halloween 3.9.7” at: http://www.neopagan.net/
- W.J. Bethancourt III, “Halloween, Myths, Monsters and Devils,” at: http://www.illusions.com/ A superb site.
- Mrs. Gloria Phillips, “Halloween: What It Is From A Christian Perspective,” at: http://www.webzonecom.com/
- The Watchman Fellowship at: http://www.watchman.org/
- Rowan Moonstone, “The Origins of Halloween” at: http://www.geocities.com/
- Patrick Dineen, “An Irish English Dictionary” (Dublin, 1927), Page 937 Quoted in 12
- Malcolm MacLennan, “A Pronouncing and Etymological Dictionary of the Gaelic Language” (Aberdeen, 1979), Page 279. Quoted in 12
- David L. Brown, “The Dark Side of Halloween“, LOGOS Communication Consortium, at: http://www.execpc.com/
- Richard Bucher, “Can Christians Celebrate Halloween” at: http://www.ultranet.com/
- J. Ankerberg & J. Weldon, “The Facts on Halloween: What Christians Need to Know,” Harvest House, Eugene OR (1996), Page 6.
- David Porter, “Hallowe’en: Treat or Trick?,” Monarch, Tunbridge Wells, UK (1993), Page 24.
- J.C. Cooper, “The Dictionary of Festivals,” (1995), Thorsons, London, UK, Page 189-190.
- Personal E-mail, 2006-FEB-23.
- “Halloween,” Exposing Satanism, at: http://www.exposingsatanism.org/
Silliness – The Big Business Way
The American businessman was at the pier of a small coastal Mexican village when a small boat with just one fisherman docked. Inside the small boat were several large yellowfin tuna. The American complimented the Mexican on the quality of his fish and asked how long it took to catch them. The Mexican replied only a little while.
The American then asked why didn’t he stay out longer and catch more fish? The Mexican said he had enough to support his family’s immediate needs. The American then asked, but what do you do with the rest of your time?
The Mexican fisherman said, “I sleep late, fish a little, play with my children, take siesta with my wife, Maria, stroll into the village each evening where I sip wine and play guitar with my amigos, I have a full and busy life, senor.”
The American scoffed, “I am a Harvard MBA and could help you. You should spend more time fishing and with the proceeds buy a bigger boat with the proceeds from the bigger boat you could buy several boats, eventually you would have a fleet of fishing boats. Instead of selling your catch to a middleman you would sell directly to the processor, eventually opening your own cannery. You would control the product, processing and distribution. You would need to leave this small coastal fishing village and move to Mexico City, then LA and eventually NYC where you will run your expanding enterprise.”
The Mexican fisherman asked, “But senor, how long will this all take?”
To which the American replied, “15-20 years.”
But what then, senor?
The American laughed and said that’s the best part. When the time is right you would announce an IPO and sell your company stock to the public and become very rich, you would make millions.
Millions, senor? Then what?
The American said, “Then you would retire. Move to a small coastal fishing village where you would sleep late, fish a little, play with your kids, take siesta with your wife, stroll to the village in the evenings where you could sip wine and play your guitar with your amigos.”